23 February 2013

Human Rights And HIV AIDS

Human Rights and HIV AIDS

HIV is a virus that persists in being spread across the globe. As it does, the connection between human rights and HIV AIDS becomes increasingly apparent and diverse. The history of this connection dates back to the 1980s when people with HIV or AIDS were subject to discrimination in terms of international travel restrictions, employment and housing barriers, medical care and insurance, or access to educational opportunities. This time period is essential when considering the connection between human rights and HIV AIDS because, by the end of the decade, a movement to enforce compassion and camaraderie with HIV-infected people began.

This concept has a lengthy history, but plenty of movements have taken place in just the last 60 years. The cornerstone of modern concept is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), a document that instructs governments about what they are responsible to perform in order to uphold the rights of people everywhere. It was drafted in 1948 by the UN General Assembly. Other documents exist as well which state legally-binding obligations that governments must meet if they sign onto them. In the context of human rights and HIV AIDS, access to the highest standard of physical and mental health for citizens is outlined in almost all human rights documents.

Governments around the world are responsible for respecting, protecting, and fulfilling the rights of their citizens. This means that countries and states cannot violate rights directly, must prevent the violation of rights from a third party, and must take appropriate measures to ensure that all rights are fulfilled. Based on the fact that governments are obligated to protect public health, they can be understood to be responsible for creating and implementing programs to reduce the spread of HIV and AIDS within the borders of the country or state. Human rights and HIV AIDS can be best addressed by governments if they consider three situations that affect a great number of the population-infected, affected, and vulnerable.

Everyone who is infected with HIV or AIDS, their friends and family, communities, nations, and international policy makers all understand that human rights and HIV AIDS are inseparably connected. Unfortunately, even though this is the case, the importance of bringing policies and programs into being is rarely given priority or even made a reality at all. To control the HIV AIDS epidemic, the obligation for human rights must be recognized and made a priority by governments on a local and international level.