03 August 2011

Hiv Aids Transmission

HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is the most dreaded disease of our times. Although the very first recordings of HIV have not been very long ago, yet it has been able to spread its tentacles at a very alarming rate, infecting millions of people all across the globe. Since it is spreading at such an alarming rate; it has become more and more difficult to fight with it. A major cause of HIV spreading at such a high rate is unawareness. Various myths and misconceptions add to the problem.

The most dangerous aspect of HIV is the fact that it affects the immune system of the body, leaving you exposed to a number of diseases, with virtually no protection of any kind. As you must be aware that; the immune system of our body is responsible for warding off potential threat to the body, in the form of virus, bacteria and protozoa. With the immune system itself being damaged, an HIV+ patient has little hope. This is because HIV is still an incurable disease till date; and though we have many scientists claiming to find a cure, we still lack conclusive evidence on their part.

There are many theories floated around the world, in regard to the modes of transmission of HIV from one person to another. However most of these theories are mere myths, with absolutely no scientific justifications of any kind. Till date, there are mainly three conclusive modes of transmission which is known to us; transmission through seminal/vaginal fluids, transmission through blood and transmission from a mother to her child, which also includes transmission through breast milk as well.

Transmission through seminal/vaginal fluidsTransmission through unprotected sexual activity is a major reason for the alarming growth of HIV, which has been responsible for a number of deaths, as well as millions of infections. HIV passes from one person to another by way of seminal/vaginal fluids, if they have unprotected sex. The danger of transmission increases manifold in case of anal sex.

Transmission through bloodAnother major reason for the growth in the number of HIV+ cases is transmission through blood. This may be in the form of infected syringes, organ transplantations, as well as blood transfusion, which is very rare nowadays. Exposure to infected blood, as well as mucous membrane increases the chances of infection. It is to be mentioned here that although HIV is present in blood, semen, vaginal fluid, breast milk, saliva, and tears in varying degrees, there have not been any recorded incident of transmission through saliva or tears. There has been just one recorded incident of transmission through deep kissing; that too occurring due to bleeding gums.

Transmission from mother to her childHIV can be transmitted from a mother to her child, during pregnancy, childbirth, as well as breast feeding. Although a significant improvement in this direction has been the development of such drugs, which lower the chances of transmission by this mode; there is still a long way to go.

HIV is a danger with huge potential danger and the only way of fighting it, till date is by way of spreading awareness; with the hope of finding a cure for it in future.

Aids : Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
HIV : Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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